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Reader86: 解构社会 (Deconstructing of Societies)

2021-1-29 02:55 PM| 发布者: 昨夜雨| 查看: 169| 评论: 0|原作者: Reader86|来自: 小站空间

摘要: 封建社会有两个阶级:封建领主/君主和奴隶/臣民。历史上只有一个特殊的情况:13世纪时,当时的英国的贵族如此强大,以致于他们形成了另一个阶级。贵族阶级使用大宪章(Magna Carta)来控制君主。这个时候,出现了三 ...
封建社会有两个阶级:封建领主/君主和奴隶/臣民。

历史上只有一个特殊的情况:13世纪时,当时的英国的贵族如此强大,以致于他们形成了另一个阶级。贵族阶级使用大宪章(Magna Carta)来控制君主。这个时候,出现了三个不同的阶级:王室,贵族和平民。只要一个社会中有两个以上的阶级,它就更接近民主社会。

社会主义社会也有两个阶级:统治阶级和劳工阶级。在这个社会中,每个人都不平等。两者之间,统治阶级有不受限制的权力,为所欲为;在劳工阶级中,也有等级社会,其中每一个阶级都拥有比下一个阶级更大的权力,将永远享有相对的特权,而拥有较小权力的人则总是受制于上一个阶级,社会主义社会似乎是N个封建社会的叠加。举个例子,过去物资紧张,一般贫民都是凭票买生活必需品。那些享有被供应这些生活必需品的阶层就有一个平民们没有的特权。现在一些富二代享受一个平民不能享受的资源,比如投资和开发的权利,这些机会对每个平民都不是均等的。

一个共产主义社会按照定义只有一个阶级,绝对的人人平等,但那只是一个伟大、但遥远的理想。

民主社会具有与所有其他社会不同的特征:它具有三个阶级:上层阶级,中产阶级和底层阶级。与封建社会相比,资本主义社会的中坚力量是中产阶级,他们享受政治平等,也提高了生活水平。 使一个国家自由,平等和民主,就是缩小上层阶级和下层阶级,扩大中产阶级。扩大中产阶级就是缩小上层阶级和下层阶级。帮助中产阶级意味着防止中产阶级沦落到社会最底层,并促进底层阶级进入中产阶级。如果中产阶级强大,它将为无助的贫困者提供更多的福利,也使得社会中更多的人口加入中产阶级。因此,民主社会应该始终如一重视中产阶级。任何增加穷人数量的手段都是对社会有害的政策。 消灭整个中产阶级就是使民主社会回到封建社会或进入社会主义社会!

A feudal society has two classes: feudal lord/monarch and slaves/subjects.

Only when the aristocrats in Britain were so strong that they formed an additional class in the thirteenth century,they used Magna Carta to control the sovereign lord, then three distinct classes appeared: royal, aristocracy, and the multitudes. Anytime there are more than two classes in a society, it is closer to democracy.

A socialist society also has two classes:ruling class and working class in this society, all men are not equal. Between ruling class and working class,  the former has unchecked power to do anything they wish, and within the later, it is a higher of the hierarchic society, people with more power will always privileged over the lesser ones.

A communist society presumably has only one class, all equal, which is utopian.

A democratic society has one distinct character from all other societies: it has three classes: upper crust, middle class and the poor. Comparing to the feudal society, a big chunk of the working class moves to the middle class, having a better living standard.

To make a country free, equal, and democratic is to shrink the upper class and the lower class, enlarge the middle class. To enlarge the middle class is to shrink the upper and the lower class. Helping middle class means preventing the middle class from dropping to destitution, and pushing lower class higher. If the middle class is strong and becomes the backbone of the society, it will provide more welfare and takes care of the helpless poor below, which could either join in the middle class or enjoy welfare. Therefore, the emphasize should always be given to the middle class. Any means to increase the number of the poor is not a good policy, detrimental to the society.

Wiping out the entire middle class is making the society go back to feudal society or socialist society!

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